Thursday, November 3, 2011

Nursing Care Plan: Assessment and Interventions for Self-Injury - Tentamen Suicide


CONCEPT OF SUICIDE

Definition of a conscious and purposeful effort to end the lives of individuals is consciously desire and attempt to carry out his desire to die. Suicidal behavior include cues, trial or verbal threats, which will result in death, injury or self-injury.

Suicide as the world's problems
The males are three times more likely to commit suicide than women, because men are more likely to use more effective tools for suicide, among others with a gun, hanging, or jumping from high buildings, while women more often use substances psychoactive drug overdose or poison, but now they are more likely to use a gun. In addition, women more often choose to save himself or others rescued.

Factors that contribute to children and adolescents

Family and immediate environment became a major pillar in charge of suicide attempts in children and adolescents, this statement is supported by Vygotsky's theory that the child's immediate environment contribute in shaping the character of the child's personality, according to Stuart Sundeen personality type most often commit suicide is an aggressive type , hostility, hopelessness, low self-esteem and antisocial personality. Children will be larger when made ​​a suicide attempt came from families who apply authoritarian parenting or family who had committed suicide, emotional disturbances and their families with alcoholism.

Other psychosocial factors such as parental history of divorce, broken relationships, lost jobs or multiple stress such as moving, loss and chronic disease is accumulating a collection of stressors in the form of a less constructive coping, children will easily take a shortcut because there is no longer the place that gave him a sense of safe, according to Kaplan mental disorders and suicide in children and adolescents will emerge when environmental stressors cause increased anxiety.






Self-Injury



Nursing Care Plan for Self-Injury - Tentamen Suicide

Nursing Assessment for Patients with Self-Injury:

Environment and suicide attempts
Nurses need to examine the events that insulting or hurtful, preparation effort, verbal expressions, records, paintings, providing valuable objects, drugs, the use of violence, poison.

Symptom
The nurse noted the despair, self-reproach, feelings of failure and worthlessness, the natural feelings of depression, agitation, anxiety, insomnia persists, bewrat loss, slow speech, fatigue, withdrawal.

Psychiatric illness
Previous suicide attempts, affective disorders, addictive substances, teenage depression, elderly mental disorders.

Psychosocial history
Divorce, broken relationships, lost jobs, multiple stress (moving, loss, broken relationships, school problems, discipline crisis, chronic disease.

Personalities Factor
Impulsive, aggressive, hostile, negative cognition and kakuk, despair, low self jharga, antisocial

Family history
History of suicide, affective disorder, alcoholism

Nursing Diagnosis for Self-Injury - Tentamen Suicide

Risk for self mutilation / self-violence related to fear of rejection, the natural feeling depressed, angry reaction, the inability to express feelings verbally, the threat of self-esteem because of embarrassment, loss of jobs and so on.

Nursing Interventions for Self-Injury - Tentamen Suicide
  • Observation of client behavior more frequently through the activity, and regular interaction, avoid the impression of surveillance and suspicion on the client.
  • Establish verbal contact with the client that he would ask for help if you feel the desire to commit suicide (discuss feelings of wanting to kill herself with people you trust)
  • If self-mutilation occurs, wound care not to disturb the client with the cause, do not give positive reinforcement for these behaviors (lack of attention to maladaptive behavior can reduce repetition mutilation).
  • Encourage clients to talk about the feelings he had before this behavior to occur (in order to understand the problem)
  • Acting as a model in which the right to express anger (suicidal behavior is seen as anger directed at ourselves)
  • Remove all dangerous objects from the environment the client (the client security is a priority treatment)
  • Navigate back with the distribution of physical mutilation behavior (physical exercise is a safe way to channel the pent-up tension)
  • Commitment of all staff to give spirit to the client
  • Give medication according to the result of collaboration, monitor effectiveness, and side effects
  • Use of mechanical restrain when circumstances force according to the procedure remains
  • Observation restrain clients in every 15 minutes / according to the procedure fixed by considering the safety, blood circulation, basic needs (safety of clients is a priority nursing)

Fundamentals of Nursing

 

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